Talei / Talith (meris of Polemon)


The papyrological attestations of Talithis/Talei (240 references in 152 texts) range from 250 BC (P.Lille Gr. I 47) to the 8th century AD (Stud.Pal. XX 265) [cf. Nestola 1970, pp.157-160; Daris 1983, pp.141-142]. Relatively few texts belong to the Ptolemaic period, most of them from the Menches archive (6 texts).

Attestations are concentrated in the first three centuries of our era (112 texts), mainly because references to Talithis/Talei are found in papyrus archives of that period. Thus the name occurs several times in the Heroninos archive because a unit of the Appianus estate is situated at Talei [cf. Rathbone 1991a, p.28]. Between AD 252 and AD 255 this phrontis is run by the manager (φροντιστής) Souchammon. Talei is also mentioned in texts from the Family archive of Tebtynis (8 references), the grapheion of Tebtynis (21 texts) and the Kronion archive (3 texts). Parcels of the estate of the descendants of Patron (16 texts) are located at Talithis [cf. Crawford 1971, p.74 n.3]. Moreover the toponym is mentioned a few times in the Petaus (P.Petaus 119, AD 184-187) and Pakebkis archives. After the third century AD the village occurs only sporadically in the papyri.
Archaeological indications show human occupation at Talithis/Talei from Ptolemaic to Arab times. The absence of archaeological material from the pharaonic period suggests that the village was an early Ptolemaic settlement, founded when the Canal of Polemon was dug [Kirby and Rathbone 1996, p.30]. The first abandonment of the site in the 11th century was perhaps due to an earthquake [Kirby and Rathbone 1996, p.31] and/or a famine. Information about the village's later history is found in Arabic literature. El-Nabulsi (128-129) lists, in considerable detail, the agricultural activities at Talit, including both crops and animals, and the tax revenues therefrom, and also gives details about the irrigation system, inhabitants, and various taxes and fees paid by the village [translation by Keenan 1999, pp.297-298; see also Keenan 2005, pp.207-208]. The village was abandoned in the reign of al-Mustansir (AD 1035-94) and covered with wind-blown sand [Kirby and Rathbone 1996, p.31]. Though Nabulsi does not mention a particular year, most scholars, starting from Salmon 1901, p.71, accept the date 1064/1065. This is a mere guess, however, as pointed out by Lennart Sundelin (letter of 3 July 2001). After its 11th-century abandonment, however, the site was reoccupied, though perhaps only partly. Talit still appears in cadastral surveys of 14th and 15th century [cf. Ibn al-Ji'an (d. 1480), al-Tufa al-saniyya biasm al-bild al-misriyya, ed. B. Moritz (Cairo, 1898)]. It is not clear when the site was finally abandoned, but it can have been no earlier than the 15th century (information provided by Lennart Sundelin, letter of 3 July 2001).
Three inscriptions originate from Talithis. I.Fayum 147 (AD 60/61) and 148 (AD 81-96) are dedications to Nero and Domitian by the citizens of the nome capital; possibly they were only re-used at Talei. The fragmentary christian inscription I.Fayum 149 was found near the 4th century church.

The bilingual texts P.Mich. V 249 and 250 (AD 18) show that Greek Talei corresponds to Egyptian >T3-clte and therefore also to Talithis. A similar alternation between forms with and without the Egyptian final 't' is found for the village Phremitis/ Phremei (Φρεμμιθιεῖον, Πρεμίτ, Φρεμεί) [P.Teb. III, p.71; Quaegebeur 1993, pp.210-211].
According to Nestola 1970, p.162 the demotic name T3-clte means 'the gate', 'the seat of administration' and points to the administrative role of the village, which may have been connected with its geographical position. But no such word is found in the Egyptian dictionaries. The Egyptian name does not necessarily point to a pre-Ptolemaic occupation phase of the village.
The Greek basic form Ταλιθις (Ταλειθις) faithfully renders the demotic name, but practically disappears after the 3rd century BC. In fact it is attested in three texts only. The Egyptian 't' may also be preserved in the datives Τάλειτι (P.Mich. V 346c, AD 16/17) and Τάληθι (SB VI 9535, ca. AD 250), but in the Roman and Byzantine period the undeclined forms Ταλει/Ταλι are the only ones in use. It is somewhat surprising therefore that the modern name of the site, Kom Talît, continues the ancient Egyptian name [Nestola 1970, pp. 161-165; I.Fayum III 1981, pp. 21-22].
In texts from the 1st cent. BC to the 2nd century AD villagers of Talithis/Talei are referred to as Ταλῖται.
Talithis/Talei should not be confounded with Ταλη (with variation Ταλάη) in the Herakleopolite nome [Nestola 1970, p.155], for which see Dizionario IV, pp.341-342; Falivene 1998, pp.207-208; for Ταλει in the Oxyrhynchite and Τααλη in the Bubastite nome, see Dizionario IV, p.344 and Dizionario Suppl. II, p.201.

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The identification of Talithis with the site at Kom Talît is ascertained by the archaeological remains and the topographical indications in the papyri [Nestola 1970, p.156; I.Fayum III 1981, p.20; Kirby and Rathbone 1996, p.29]. The erroneous identification of Talît as Ptolemais Hormou by Petrie [Petrie 1891, p.29] was rightly rejected in P.Fayum, pp.12-14.
Kom Talît is situated on the southern end of the stony ridge which divides the south-west Fayum into the Tutun and Gharaq basins. Due to its location close to the place where the present Bahr Gharaq (ὀρεινὴ) canal of Polemon [cf. Calderini 1920, p.47: SB XVI 12726] branches into various canals, Talei plays an important role in the local irrigation system [Arnold 1966, p.102; Kirby and Rathbone 1996, p.29]. The διῶρυξ Φίλωνος (P.Tebt. IV 1117, 120 BC) and the royal canal (διῶρυξ βασιλική) (P.Mich. V 303, 1st century AD) are part of this system on the village territory [Nestola 1970, p. 166]. In P.Bad. II 29 (AD 404) Talithis is listed among villages with a harbour. Talei is located upstream of Kerkeosiris since the fields of the latter are watered from the former's territory (P.Tebt. I 61: 117 BC). The eastern part of the Kerkeouris perichoma in Kerkeosiris borders the "canal of Philon (starting) from the plain of Talei", which was to the east (P.Tebt. IV 1117.124-126 with note). The territories of Kerkesephis, Theogonis, Kerkethoeris and Ibion Eikosipentarouron are situated respectively south, south-west, west and north-west of Talithis [Crotti 1962, p.112; Nestola 1970, pp.165-166]. The vicinity of Talithis and Theogonis is also clear from the presence of a μέγα περίχωμα near Theogonis and Talei (P.Tebt. I 75, 112 BC). According to P.Tebt. IV 1117 a road lead eastwards from Kerkeosiris to Talei [cf. Crawford 1971a, p.48]. Besides, the village is the starting point of a desert road connecting the southern part of the Fayum with Oxyrhynchos (Behnesa) [P.Fayum, p.12; Arnold 1966, p.102].
Talithis belonged to the meris of Polemon, as is explicitely attested in the papyri between 117 BC (P.Tebt. I 61) and 208 AD (P.L.Bat. VI 52). In demotic texts it is situated to the south of the Moeris canal (P.Mich. V 250; cf. Vandorpe 2004). The village is often mentioned together with other villages of the meris of Polemon, especially Ibion Eikosipentarouron, Kerkeosiris, Tebtynis, Theogonis, Kerkesephis, Mouchis, Narmouthis, Kaminoi and Kerkethoeris. Around 250 BC Talithis belongs to the nomarchy of Diogenes, with Theogonis and Kerkeosiris; cf. P.Lille I 47) [cf. Héral 1992, p.150]. In AD 128 24 artabas are paid for grain transport for Talei to the sitologoi of the second toparchy of the (villages) near Tebtynis (P.Kron. 31). Talithis itself, however, is the capital of the third toparchy, which is situated west of Tebtynis and to which belong Herakleides, Ibion Eikosipentarouron and Kerkethoeris (Stud.Pal. X 91, 2nd-3rd century AD) [cf. Melaerts 2000, p.239].
The administrative functions Talithis shares with Ibion Eikosipentarouron, Theogonis and Tebtynis suggest that all these villages are located in the same area [cf. Administration].
Talithis was founded on a regular grid-plan. This original grid was respected in later times and confined within its limits [Kirby and Rathbone 1996, p.30]. The regular lay-out of the site was first recognized by G. Schweinfurth in 1886 [Kirby and Rathbone 1996, p.30] after the excavations of Belzoni in 1819. A partial plan of the site (1000 feet N-S; 1300 feet E-W) was made by W.M.F. Petrie during his campaigns in 1890 and 1897 [Petrie 1891, pp.29-30 with pl. XXXI; Petrie 1898, p.2; Petrie 1905, p.32]. In 1964-1965 the site was surveyed again by L. Koenen and D. Arnold when studying the Gharaq basin [Arnold 1966, p.102]. In 1995 D.W. Rathbone and K. Kirby completed the map of Talithis combining Petrie's data, aerial photographs and the records of their own systematic surface survey.

Surveyed and drawn by C.J. Kirby
Kings College London

The surface material at Talithis, spread over an area of about 12 hectares, mainly consists of pottery scatters, architectural fragments and chips of red granite [Lane 1985, pp.83-84 calls it a 'lunar landscape']. The regular implantation of the village is still visible because several channels for water-supply and drainage were cut in the rock platform parallel to each other and according to a regular pattern (NW-SE direction). Some of these are still capped by stone slabs, others can only be detected as vegetation lines [Kirby and Rathbone 1996, pp.29-30]. All these channels are connected with a large canal running west from the Bahr el-Gharaq below the southern edge of the main site and draining the surplus water into the Gharaq basin [Petrie 1891, p.30; 'Petrie canal' cf. Kirby and Rathbone 1996, p.30]. The regular grid is also recognizable in the building foundations composed of large (1 square meter) limestone blocks with handles for lifting by a crane cut into 2 opposite top edges [Kirby and Rathbone 1996, p.30]. Perpendicular streets of 4m wide clearly define house blocks (insulae) of 30x19m.
The main street of the village (ῥύμη βασιλική) is well attested in the papyri (P.Mich. V 249, AD 18; 250 (AD 18); 251; 257; 303; 328). Private dwellings had up to three storeys (cf. τρίστεγος, P.Mich. V 257 and P.Mich. V 328, AD 29; δίστεγος: P.Mich. II 121Ro, AD 42; P.Mich. V 290, AD 37?) and were provided with courtyards (αὐλή: P.Mich. II 121Ro, AD 42; P.Mich. V 249, AD 18; 250, AD 18; 257; 287; 290, 2nd century AD) and cellars (κατάγαιον: P.Mich. II 121Ro, AD 42, 2nd century AD). Lots of vacant land, one surrounded by a wall (P.Mich. V 249, AD 18), were situated along the royal road (P.Mich. V 251, AD 18, with sketch). Oikopeda, 'building lots' (P.Mich. V 321, AD 42), a ψιλὸς τόπος with a building (CPR XVIII 25, 232 BC) and a courtyard with 6 kellia (P.Amh. II 152, 5th-6th century AD) are objects of transaction.
Groups of large limestone blocks placed at right angles to and fronting on the streets perhaps indicate the entrances to Ptolemaic public buildings [Kirby and Rathbone 1996, p.30]. An unidentified massive public building of red bricks dating to the late (?) Roman period was recognized by Petrie in the south-east and registered again by Rathbone and Kirby. In this area a heap of ashes is also visible [Petrie 1891, p.30; Kirby and Rathbone 1996, p.30]. A public building of the early 2nd century AD, situated in the north-western part of the site, was possibly reused as a Christian church in the 4th century AD [Petrie 1891, p.30; Kirby and Rathbone 1996, p.30]. Public buildings attested in the papyri (thesauros, grapheion) and the great temple for Thoeris could not be identified on the field (cf. Religion and Administration).
The rock platform between Petrie's canal and the southern edge of the main site was used for open quarrying during and after the occupation of the village [Kirby and Rathbone 1996, p.31]. The "huge crack through the rock platform on which Talit was built" is attributed to the earthquake of 1056 by Rathbone 2001, p.1117.
South of the actual village, beyond 'Petrie's canal', burial areas of various periods were found. In the Ptolemaic period simple individual graves, cut into the rock, contained terracotta and alabaster vases and small objects [P.Fayum, p.14; Petrie 1891, p.30]. Another necropolis with some deeper multi-chamber tombs similar to Macedonian burial structures was later cut through by a (drainage?) channel [Kirby and Rathbone 1996, pp.30-31].
Two km south of Kom Talît, east of the Middle Kingdom necropolis at Kom el-Khelwa/Ruqqaia, another burial area was laid out in late Ptolemaic and Roman times [P.Fayum, p.14; Kirby and Rathbone 1996, pp.30-31].
According to P.Bingen 59 (AD 33), Baralips and Parambole were located on the territory of Talithis/Talei . P.L.Bat. VI 28 (AD 133) mentions a topos Hebdomekontarouron [cf. Dizionario II, p.129]. A kleros in the topos of Anesis [cf. Dizionario I.2, pp. 39-40] is the subject of transaction in P.L.Bat. VI 52 (AD 208).

Though Uebel 1968 does not mention cleruchs from Talei/Talithis, Greek settlers are attested in the village from the 3rd century BC onwards. CPR XVIII 25 (232 BC) is a sale of a vacant plot with a building by the Mysian Melas, son of Ptolemaios to the Achaean Philonautes, son of Kallikrates. A topos of the 70 arourae cleruchs is found in P.L.Bat. VI 28 (AD 133). In P.Lips. II 128 (19 BC) five katoikoi hippeis act as witnesses for a loan contract, written in the village.
Members of the well-to-do class are exempted from irrigation works in BGU I 91 (70/71 AD). The second-century P.Fay. 23 lists persons qualified for liturgic offices.
P.Mich. II 123Ro (AD 45) concerns travel and living expenses for armed guards; in Talei the guards Heraklas and Ptollas receive money for food.
Villagers of Talithis/Talei own land in neighbouring villages and/or sometimes reside there. In P.Tebt. I 103 (94 or 61 BC) a Talites is registered among the inhabitants of Theogonis [cf. Crotti 1962, p.112]. In P.Mich. II 124 (AD 46-49) a man from Talithis possesses land at Tebtynis. In SB 22 15866 (3rd century AD) a person from Talei rents a parlour, a room and an upper chamber in Theadelpheia.
On the other hand a large number of texts attests inhabitants of neighbouring villages possessing land at Talithis/Talei. Thus a kleros in the Hebdomekontarouron Topos is owned by villagers of Tebtynis (P.L.Bat. VI 28, AD 133).

A policeman (ephodos) owns a kleros in P.Tebt. IV 1117 (120 BC). Several lots of catoecic land are attested in the early Roman period. In the 1st century AD Kronion, a Macedonian cavalryman cedes 3 1/8 arouras of his catoecic kleros. His land borders on the kleros of his brother Apollonios (P.Mich. V 303). Thus 37 arouras of a vineyard with the status of kleros katoikikos are mentioned in a last will dating to the 1st century BC-1st century AD (PSI Congr. XI 5). PSI VIII 905 (AD 25/26) and P.Mich. V 252 (AD 26/27?) concern the same 2 arouras of a kleros katoikikos of 4 arouras near Talei. In P.Mich. V 303 (1st century AD) the catoecic kleroi of a Macedonian cavalryman and his brother are sold. Cleruchic land is also mentioned in P.Tebt. II 576Vo (14/13 BC).
For the 2nd century AD kleroi katoikikoi of 1 1/2 and 4 1/4 arouras at Talei are divided (P.Mil.Vogl. IV 209). A kleros katoikikos is also found in P.Strasb.Gr. VII 603 (AD 103-116) and in P.Flor. I 35 (167 AD). In AD 208 an Antinoite owns 16 arouras of an unwatered kleros katoikikos in the topos of Anesis (P.L.Bat. VI 52).
P.Mich. II 121Ro (AD 42) mentions 2 arouras in the so-called kleros of Leontiskos. In 85/84 BC the laarchikoi kleroi at Tali yield 900 artabas of tax grain, of which 300 are for a loan of seed grain (PSI Congr. XVII 23). This points to 300 arouras of kleroi for Egyptian machimoi, perhaps for 30 of them if the allotments were of 10 arouras each. An unspecified kleros of 8 arouras located near Talei in the Hebdomekontarouron Topos is mentioned in P.L.Bat. VI 28 (AD 133).
P.Bingen 59 (AD 33) is a contract of lease for 12 arouras of public land in two parcels in the areas of Baralips and Parambole. The payment to the πρακτορία σιτικῶν in P.Tebt. II 578 (AD 198/199) is probably also for state land.
Temple land (ἱερὰ γῆ) is attested in P.Strasb.Gr. VII 603 (AD 103-116).

In P.Mil.Vogl. IV 217 (AD 124), P.Mich. V 251 (AD 18), P.Mich. V 321 (AD 42) and P.Tebt. II 388 (AD 98) grain is measured by means of the six-choinix measure. Farmers working at Talithis are mentioned in P.Lille Gr. I 47 (250 BC).
Wine production is important in the Heroninos archive in relation with the Appianus estate at Talei, which was clearly an exporter of wine [cf. Rathbone 1991a, pp.213 and 278-280]. Vineyards are mentioned in P.Mich. V 229 (AD 48) and PSI X 1159 (AD 132). P.Mil.Vogl. VI 279 (AD 100-150) and P.Mil.Vogl. VII 307 (2nd century AD) also refer to wine from Talei. Low quality wine (οἰνάρια) from Talei is found in P.Mil.Vogl. II 110 (2nd century AD) and P.Flor. II 217 (AD 249-254). SB VI 9472 (AD 268) is an account of wine from Talei. Transport of wine is mentioned in SB XIV 11554 (AD 268, after). SB XVI 12380 (3rd century AD), P.Flor. II 226 (AD 247-260), P.Flor. II 238 (AD 252), P.Flor. II 239 (AD 252), P.Flor. II 240 (AD 252) and P.Flor. II 202 (AD 264) concern the transport of wine in monochora and dichora by donkey or camel from the unit of the Appianus estate in Talei.
BGU III 802 (AD 42) mentions the transport of lentils by donkeys. P.Mich. V 229 (AD 48) and P.Mil.Vogl. II 101 (AD 118) attest the cultivation of vegetables and palm trees. The former text illustrates that vegetables are sown between the vines on a vineyard leased by Petsiris.
In P.Mich. V 346c (AD 16/17) vegetable seed (sesamos?) is measured by means of the four-choinix measure of the thesauros of Likis. In P.L.Bat. VI 1 (AD 89/90) an agreement between husband and wife deals with another private granary.
The agricultural activities described in the papyri are confirmed on the field by millstones in limestone, large jars, mortars and press-bases that cannot be exactly dated [Kirby and Rathbone 1996, p. 30].
Cattle breading and pastoral activities are also important. P.Bingen 111 (AD 33) concerns hay and animals working at or visiting the phrontis of the Appianus estate at Talei. Drinking troughs for the flocks are mentioned in P.Bon. 20 (AD 70). SB XX 14197 (253/256 AD), SB VI 9409 (1) and SB XX 14645 (both AD 255) list a βούκολος Polion. Shepherds occur in P.Mil.Vogl. II 52 (AD 138), Stud.Pal. VIII 910 and Stud.Pal. XX 238 (both 7nd cent. AD).
In 155 AD three (P.Col. II 1Ro, AD 136-175?) and nineteen P.Graux III 30 II donkey drivers transport tax grain from granaries in the Polemon meris to the harbours [Nestola 1970, p.179; Boak 1937, pp.212-220]. Donkey drivers from Talei are also named in SB XVI 12382 (AD 250-299).
Salt sellers are found in P.Mich. II 123Ro (AD 45). The salt production is to be situated in the area south of Lake Moeris or in the Gharaq bassin [Nestola 1970, p.180].
Crafts and industrial activities are also attested in Talithis. PSI X 1132 (61 BC) mentions Konops, a plaiter of mats. For the 1st century AD Papontos, a brewer (P.Ryl.Gr. II 127, AD 29), Anoubion, a fuller (P.Mich. V 257), Petermouthis, a blacksmith (P.Mich. V 257) and two weavers Didymos (P.Mich. V 290) and Patynis are known. A payment to a key-maker of Talei is mentioned in P.Mil.Vogl. VII 307 (2nd century AD).

As most Fayum villages Talei is a 'village of Souchos' in Demotic texts (P.Mich. V 249 and 250, AD 18). Three of the parties in these texts are servants of Souchos, i.e. people working for the temple : the weaver Patynis, the farmer Orseus son of Patynis and the fodderer (?) Chaireis.
P.Mich. II 121Ro IV.4.1 attests a 'great' temple of the goddess Thoueris in the 1st century AD [cf. Quaegebeur-Clarysse-Van Maele 1985, p.229]. This construction was probably a cult complex including several houses [Daris 1997a, p.191]. The temple of Thoeris mentioned in P.Köln VIII 346Ro is perhaps that at Talithis (editors' note on p. 116). P.Tebt. III 794 mentions one Petosiris, ἀρχιερεύς of Talithis (3rd century BC).
A public construction of the 2nd century AD in the north-western area of the site was transformed into a Christian church in the 4th century AD. Pillars, bases and capitals with wreaths and crosses remain of this building [Petrie 1891, p. 30; Kirby and Rathbone 1996, p. 30]. Papyrological evidence for christianity is limited to personal names, e.g. in P.Amh. II 152 (5th-6th centuries AD).

The grapheion at Talithis, attested from AD 19 to AD 118 (P.Mich. V 251; SB XIV 11533; SB VI 9086) [Cf. Melaerts 2000, p. 243-247], was a branch of the grapheion of Tebtynis [Daris 1997a, p. 191; Nestola 1970, p. 173; Melaerts 2000, p. 247] and served also for other villages (γραφεῖον Ταλει καὶ ἄλλων κωμῶν). Transactions of properties at Talei are registered in this grapheion e.g. in P.Mich. V 251 (AD 18), SB XIV 11533 (AD 104) and SB VI 9086 (AD 105). Besides, registrations concerning neighbouring villages are also made here, e.g. a lease of public estates and a bath near Theogonis (P.Mich. V 311 and 312, AD 34) and a division of land in Tristomos (P.Mil.Vogl. II 101, AD 118).
The common grapheion of Tali and Theogonis in P.Mich. V 287 (AD 19) illustrates the administrative connection between the two villages [cf. Crotti 1962, p. 112]. The right to sell papyrus to the notaries in the village (and no doubt also in Tebtynis) was a royal monopoly in 159 BC (P.Tebt. III 709; cf. Lewis 1974, p. 123-127).
On the other hand transactions in which villagers from Talithis are involved are sometimes registered at Tebtynis (P.Mich. V 321, AD 42; P.Tebt. II 388, AD 98; SB VIII 9642 (1), AD 117-138). P.Mich. V 229 (AD 48), which is also registered at the grapheion of Tebtynis, deals with a vineyard near Talei. P.Mich. V 230 (AD 48) written at Tebtynis and addressed to the strategos, refers to an investigation concerning a theft from a house at Talei.
At least in the 2nd century AD Talithis/Talei and Ibion Eikosipentarouron are also linked administratively. In AD 138/139 Didymos alias Crispinus, relinquishes his function of komogrammateus of both villages (P.Mil.Vogl. II 98, AD 138/139?). In AD 170/171 Pasion, also called Didymos, is the common komogrammateus of Talei and Ibion Eikosipentarouron (BGU I 91) [cf. Melaerts 2000, pp.248-249]. The villages also pay taxes for irrigation works together (P.Mil.Vogl. VII 301, AD 143/144). The dependence of Ibion on Talei is clear from P.Tebt. II 365, were 1 1/12 artabas of wheat, paid in advance from the praktor sitikon of the village, are delivered as transport dues to the sitologoi of Talei in AD 142. Taxes in wheat on cleruchic land in Ibion Eikosipentarouron are also paid to the sitologoi of Talei in AD 167 (P.Flor. I 35).
The sitologoi of Talei are often explicitely called 'sitologoi of Talei and other villages', e.g. Horion in AD 125/126 (P.Kron. 30). In SB XVIII 13134 (AD 98/99) a sitologos of Talei addresses his colleague Herakleides. PSI XIV 1407 names Harpalos, son of Orseus, as one of the sitologoi in AD 189.
The thesauros of Talei is mentioned in P.Tebt. III 859 (167 or 114 BC) and in an unpublished Petrie papyrus.
Village officials are also mentioned in the papyri. P.Mich. II 123Vo (AD 45) refers to the tax-collector of the village. A letter from the superintendent of the distribution of royal papyrus to the epistates, the chief of police and policemen, the desert guards, the village head and village scribe of Talei (P.Tebt. III 709, 159 BC) imposes an oath upon the monographoi to use only royal papyrus from the royal shops. Apart from the komogrammateis of Talei and Ibion Eikosipentarouron, already mentioned above, village scribes of Talei occur in SB XIV 11613 (AD 173), P.L.Bat. VI 52 (AD 208) and BGU XI 2021 (AD 215). P.Tebt. III 794 (210 BC) is addressed by Petosiris, the archiereus of Talei, to Patron, the officer of the night-watch. SB XX 14645, SB VI 09408 (2).39 (253/256 AD) and SB VI 9409 (1).32 (AD 251 and 255) are addressed to the komarchai of Talei.
According to P.Petaus 119 (AD 184-187) Chairemon, son of Aphrodisios from Talei was grammateus of the presbyteroi of Ptolemais Hormou.

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I. Uytterhoeven