Sais (Sa el-Hagar)

TM Geo 2072

Egypt - 5th Lower Egyptian nome, Saites (Sa el-Hagar) (L05) - provincia: Aegyptus - cf. also L05 Saites (TM Geo 11566)
30.96715,30.774367


Links: Pleiades, Wikipedia, Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire, ToposText


Status city: polis; metropolis; demi


Greek name(s): Σαις
Latin name(s): Sais
Egyptian name(s): Sȝw (Sȝy - Sy) - Ḥw.t-byt
Coptic name(s): ⲥⲁⲓ
Ethnic(s): Saites (Saitis) - Saitikos - Saitios - Saitenos - Saensis
Modern name(s): Sa el-Hagar
Variants: Sais - Hout-bit (Hutbit) - Sin - Sa el-Hagar


Repertoria: Dizionario IV, p. 235; p. 235-236 (1-2); p. 236; Suppl. 2, p. 183 (1); Suppl. 3, p. 135 (1-2); p. 135; Gauthier, Dictionnaire V, 1928, p. 2
Biblio: Erichsen, Glossar, 1954, p. 408; Vandorpe, Geografische elementen, 1988, p. 139; Kruit / Worp, AfP 46 (2000), p. 126-127; Verreth, CRIPEL 23 (2003), p. 51-71; Guermeur, Les cultes d'Amon, 2005, p. 117-125; Verreth, Northern Sinai, 2006, p. 837-846; p. 1134-1136; CDD S, 2013, p. 44
Map: Barrington Atlas, 2000, pl. 74 D3 (Sais); Baines / Málek, Atlas, 2002(2), p. 166-167 (Sa el-Hagar / Sais / Zau)
Note: the place 'Sin', mentioned in Ezechiel, 30, 15-16, in later sources usually corresponds with Sais, the identification with Pelousion (1662) by Hieronymus being a secondary actualisation


Stable URI (with TM Geo ID): www.trismegistos.org/place/2072

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55 reference(s) to Sais in documentary sources
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TM GeoRef Publication Attestation Material Language Date Provenance
22674Bulletin de l‘Institut français d‘archéologie orientale (BIFAO) 76 (1976), p. 91-100, I (right) (p. 92)Ḥw.t-bytstone (basalt) Hieroglyphic BC07 - BC06 Egypt, L05 - Sais (Sa el-Hagar) (?) [found & written]
41240Bulletin de l‘Institut français d‘archéologie orientale (BIFAO) 76 (1976), p. 91-100, I (left) (p. 92)Sȝwstone (basalt) Hieroglyphic BC07 - BC06 Egypt, L05 - Sais (Sa el-Hagar) (?) [found & written]
23668Jansen-Winkeln, Inschriften der Spätzeit 4.1 55.96, descr.Ḥw.t-bytstone (schist) Hieroglyphic BC06 Egypt [found & written]
29212Textbook of Aramaic documents 2 B 8.6, 1syknpapyrus Aramaic BC05 - BC04 Egypt, L01 - Memphis, Saqqara [found & written]
29213Textbook of Aramaic documents 2 B 8.6, 5syknpapyrus Aramaic BC05 - BC04 Egypt, L01 - Memphis, Saqqara [found & written]
111459P. Cairo 2 31167 Ro, 4Sypapyrus Demotic BC04 - BC03 Egypt [found & written]
111460P. Cairo 2 31167 Ro, 5Sypapyrus Demotic BC04 - BC03 Egypt [found & written]
133240O. Saqqara Dem. 4, Ro 6Sypottery Demotic BC04 - BC03 Egypt, L01 - Memphis, Saqqara, sacred animal necropolis [found & written]
23106MDAI Kairo 16 (1958), p. 414-416 no. 1, A [b]Sȝwstone Hieroglyphic BC03 Egypt, L05 - Sais (Sa el-Hagar) (?) [found & written]
40700MDAI Kairo 16 (1958), p. 414-416 no. 1, B [c]Sȝwstone Hieroglyphic BC03 Egypt, L05 - Sais (Sa el-Hagar) (?) [found & written]
137973Panov, Die Statue des Horchebe, (6.1) 10stone (granite) Hieroglyphic BC03 Egypt, L16 - Mendes (Tell el-Rub’a) [found & written]
137983Panov, Die Statue des Horchebe, 147stone (granite) Hieroglyphic BC03 Egypt, L16 - Mendes (Tell el-Rub’a) [found & written]
103202P. Hibeh 1 27 Ro, 19Σ̣αιpapyrus Greek BC03 Egypt, U20 - Ankyropolis (El-Hiba) [found]
Egypt, L05 - Sais (Sa el-Hagar) (?) [written]
103203P. Hibeh 1 27 Ro, 76Σαιpapyrus Greek BC03 Egypt, U20 - Ankyropolis (El-Hiba) [found]
Egypt, L05 - Sais (Sa el-Hagar) (?) [written]
103204P. Hibeh 1 27 Ro, 165Σαιpapyrus Greek BC03 Egypt, U20 - Ankyropolis (El-Hiba) [found]
Egypt, L05 - Sais (Sa el-Hagar) (?) [written]
94970P. Iand. Zen. 1, 29 [a][Σα]ίτηςpapyrus Greek BC03 Egypt, 00a - Philadelpheia (Gharabet el-Gerza) [found]
Egypt, 00a - Philadelpheia (Gharabet el-Gerza) (?) [written]
118829P. Iand. Zen. 7, 2 (note)Σα[ίτ]ης?papyrus Greek BC03 Egypt, 00a - Philadelpheia (Gharabet el-Gerza) [found]
Egypt, 00 - Arsinoites (Fayum) (?) [written]
64478P. Iand. Zen. 2, 46 [c][Σαίτης]papyrus Greek BC03 Egypt, 00a - Philadelpheia (Gharabet el-Gerza) [found & written]
64514P. Cairo Zen. 2 59182, 12 [a][Σαίτης]papyrus Greek BC03 Egypt, 00a - Philadelpheia (Gharabet el-Gerza) [found & written]
64515P. Cairo Zen. 2 59182, 25 [c]Σαίτηςpapyrus Greek BC03 Egypt, 00a - Philadelpheia (Gharabet el-Gerza) [found & written]
65058P. Col. Zen. 1 54, 28 [a]Σαίτηςpapyrus Greek BC03 Egypt, 00a - Philadelpheia (Gharabet el-Gerza) [found]
Egypt, 00a - Philadelpheia (Gharabet el-Gerza) (?) [written]
35254Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde (ZÄS) 53 (1917), p. 31 Ro, 6Sypapyrus Demotic BC02 Egypt, U04a - Pathyris (Gebelein) (?) [found & written]
35256Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde (ZÄS) 53 (1917), p. 31 Ro, 7 [b]Sypapyrus Demotic BC02 Egypt, U04a - Pathyris (Gebelein) (?) [found & written]
38286Enchoria 27 (2001), p. 118-119 (C), 2Ḥṯ-tb (< Ḥw.t-by.t)pottery Demotic BC02 - BC01 Egypt, U04b - Dios Polis (Thebes east) (?) [found & written]
120509Vos, Apis embalming ritual p. 241-254 Ro + Quack (ed.), Ägyptische Rituale der griechisch-römischen Zeit p. 263-338, col. 1, 6Sypapyrus Demotic / Hieratic BC02 Egypt, L01 - Memphis, Saqqara [found & written]
120510Vos, Apis embalming ritual p. 241-254 Ro + Quack (ed.), Ägyptische Rituale der griechisch-römischen Zeit p. 263-338, col. 3, 6Sypapyrus Demotic / Hieratic BC02 Egypt, L01 - Memphis, Saqqara [found & written]
113787Quack, Einführung p. 44 descr., descr. [c]Sy?papyrus Demotic BC01 - AD02 Egypt, 00c - Tebtynis (Umm el-Baragat) [found & written]
53641BGU 4 1138, 12τῆ(ς) Σαιεωςpapyrus Greek BC01 Egypt, L00 - Alexandria [written]
Egypt, U20 - Bousiris (Abusir el-Meleq) [found]
38735Jasnow / Zauzich, Book of Thoth p. 139-496 no. L01, col. 3, 2 (p. 347)[Sȝw]papyrus Demotic AD01 - AD02 Egypt, 00a - Soknopaiou Nesos (Dimeh) (?) [found & written]
122569P. Carlsberg 10 p. 131-138, 5Sypapyrus Demotic AD01 - AD02 Egypt, 00c - Tebtynis (Umm el-Baragat) [found & written]
120899Revue d‘Égyptologie (RdE) 36 (1985), p. 121-124 + Töpfer, Das Balsamierungsritual (Studien zur spätägyptischen Religion 13) p. 45-50 & pl. 31-37, (ZÄS) fr. d, 3˹Sȝw˺papyrus Hieratic AD01 Egypt [found & written]
29554Smith, Papyrus Harkness p. 49-86, col. 1, 12Sypapyrus Demotic AD01 Egypt, U10a - Per-nebet-oudji [written]
Egypt, L01 - Cairo, bought [found]
29555Smith, Papyrus Harkness p. 49-86, col. 3, 37 [a]Sypapyrus Demotic AD01 Egypt, U10a - Per-nebet-oudji [written]
Egypt, L01 - Cairo, bought [found]
32069Stadler, Der Totenpapyrus des Pa-Month p. 27-39, col. 2, 17 [a]Sypapyrus Demotic AD01 Egypt, U04b - Dios Polis (Thebes east) (?) [found & written]
32070Stadler, Der Totenpapyrus des Pa-Month p. 27-39, col. 2, 19Sypapyrus Demotic AD01 Egypt, U04b - Dios Polis (Thebes east) (?) [found & written]
32071Stadler, Der Totenpapyrus des Pa-Month p. 27-39, col. 2, 26Sypapyrus Demotic AD01 Egypt, U04b - Dios Polis (Thebes east) (?) [found & written]
40133P. Carlsberg 4 p. 13-21 no. A (P. Petese Tebt. A'), col. 8, 18Sypapyrus Demotic AD01 - AD02 Egypt, 00c - Tebtynis (Umm el-Baragat) [found & written]
33783P. Oxy. 11 1380, 32Σαιpapyrus Greek AD01 - AD02 Egypt, U19 - Oxyrynchos (Bahnasa) [found]
Egypt, U19 - Oxyrynchos (Bahnasa) (?) [written]
98205SB 24 15926, 8Σαιτίωνpapyrus Greek AD02 - AD03 Egypt, 00 - Arsinoites (Fayum) [written]
Egypt, 00b - Theadelpheia (Batn el-Harit) [found]
103207P. Oslo 2 56, 8τῆς Σαεωςpapyrus Greek AD02 Egypt [found & written]
29851Hoffmann, Panzer des Inaros p. 131-425, col. 17, 27 [a]Sypapyrus Demotic AD02 Egypt, 00 - Arsinoites (Fayum) [found & written]
29853Hoffmann, Panzer des Inaros p. 131-425, col. 20, 17Sypapyrus Demotic AD02 Egypt, 00 - Arsinoites (Fayum) [found & written]
45649I. Delta p. 1039 [middle], 5ἡ πόλιςstone Greek AD02 Egypt, L05 - Sais (Sa el-Hagar) [found & written]
24607I. Métriques 110, 1ἄστυ Σαιτῶνstone (marble) Greek AD03 Egypt, L05 - Sais (Sa el-Hagar) (?) [found & written]
83165P. Oxy. 51 3646, 18Σαίτια (read: Σαιτίων)papyrus Greek AD03 - AD04 Egypt, U19 - Oxyrynchos (Bahnasa) [found & written]
88569P. Strasb. Gr. 4 253, 6τὴν Σάινpapyrus Greek AD03 Egypt [found & written]
231121P. Hamb. 4 256, 10Σ̣αε[ίτ]ε̣ι̣α̣papyrus Greek AD03 Egypt, 00 - Arsinoites (Fayum) [found]
Egypt, 00d - Krokodilopolis (Medinet el-Fayum) (?) [written]
231122P. Hamb. 4 256, 13Σαει[τεί]ωνpapyrus Greek AD03 Egypt, 00 - Arsinoites (Fayum) [found]
Egypt, 00d - Krokodilopolis (Medinet el-Fayum) (?) [written]
231123P. Wash. Univ. 2 80, col. 2, 23Σαίιτι.νpapyrus Greek AD03 Egypt, U19 - Oxyrynchos (Bahnasa) [found & written]
78820P. Oxy. 14 1658, 1Σαίτιαpapyrus Greek AD04 Egypt, U19 - Oxyrynchos (Bahnasa) [found & written]