Currently 150 institutions have subscribed.

Welcome to


An interdisciplinary portal of the ancient world

you can now also use EDCS numbers, e.g. 'EDCS-27900304'; other project IDs to follow

central search video tutorial

How to cite Trismegistos

Not registered? Subscribe here.
On this day, , ...

... 1886 years ago (AD 138 May 21), a Greek text on pottery now kept in Wimborne Minster was written in Elephantine: TM 699507

Click here to discover more texts written on this day in antiquity!

TM Data Services

Trismegistos Data Services is a set of open services (API's and table dumps) developed in the Linked Open Data framework of DARIAH-BE. If you wish to work with our data, you can find more information here.

Read more

TM Online Publications

Trismegistos Online Publications (TOP) provides freely downloadable pdf-documents with scholarly tools based upon or providing links to the Trismegistos database. TOP Special Series is intended for manuscripts that are more synthetic in nature than the 'standard' series, but still strongly data-oriented by the nature of their subjects.    Read more

TM Corpus Data

TM Corpusdata publishes data sets that were assembled for journal papers. Since it's not always easy to reconstruct them from the vast and ever-expanding halls that make up the TM database, we have designed this site to provide you with the data assembled to conduct the study.

Read more

Stable Identifiers

Each individual record in each of Trismegistos' databases is identified by a unique number, a so-called 'stable identifier'. As the term implies, this number generally does not change and can thus be used to form a stable url to refer to a specific entity.

Read more


Because of its organic growth and evolving focus since 2005 (see history), Trismegistos has a very different coverage for each section, according to region, period and genre. Check out the 'About' page of each individual section to learn more!

Partners & funding

Trismegistos has only been able to grow thanks to fruitful collaborations with other projects, as well as some funding in the past.

Read more

Are you interested in collaborating? Let us know! (See contact options below)

About Trismegistos

Trismegistos was conceived in 2004 when Mark Depauw was granted a Sofja Kovalevskaja Award of the Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung to set up his own research team at a German university, in this case Cologne. The project Multilingualism and Multiculturalism in Graeco-Roman Egypt wanted to investigate language shifts in relation to cultural identity, by setting up an online database of Graeco-Roman papyrological material in Egyptian scripts parallel to and in close cooperation with the existing tools of Greek papyrology (the Heidelberger Gesamtverzeichnis griechischer Urkunden aus Ägypten [HGV] and its literary counterpart, the Leuven Database of Ancient Books [LDAB]

In the meantime, Trismegistos has expanded in several directions. From late 2008 onwards, the people and places mentioned in these sources from Egypt have been collected in TM People and TM Places. In 2010, Trismegistos ventured outside Egypt for the first time to incorporate the Latin epigraphic sources and the toponyms they contain. Integration of many indigenous languages has also taken place since then. Since 2018, work has also started on Greek epigraphy. Finally, When available in online repositories, Trismegistos includes unpublished sources as well. Read more

Database structure

The online version of Trismegistos works with MySQL and PHP, but for data entry a set of relational Filemaker databases are used, currently in a mixed Filemaker 16 environment. The core of the database is Trismegistos Texts, where each individual record is identified by a unique, stable Trismegistos number (for criteria what constitutes a record, click here). This number is used to link to most of the other constituent databases of Trismegistos, and allows for easy implementation of one-to-many and many-to-one relationships. Read more

Who does all the work?

The ever-expanding TM platform does not materialize out of nowhere. Many people have put many days, hours, years of hard work into its various databases, often on a voluntary basis. Read more

Help us!

Trismegistos is a work in progress. We would greatly appreciate your help, in any way. Read more



Languages / scripts








Text Irregularities